Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day…

…For Teaching ELL, ESL, & EFL

The Best Websites For Learning About Civic Participation & Citizenship


What Does It Mean to Be a Citizen? is my post and lesson plan at The New York Times Learning Network.

Here’s another similar post I wrote for The Times.

And here’s yet another student interactive for ELLs on citizenship I created for The Times.

It’s time for another one of my The Best Of…. lists. This one will highlight the ten — well, actually eleven, since there’s a tie for first place — best websites for learning about civic participation and citizenship.

Even though the main focus of this list is assisting English Language Learners, a number of the sites are appropriate for native-English speakers of all ages. I’ve tried to strike a balance between including resources to help immigrants to the United States prepare for their Citizenship test and also list sites that encourage everyone to become active citizens in improving their communities — whatever country they live in.

I was particularly interested in doing this list since I’m starting to teach a Government class this coming semester that will be using a great deal of technology. All these sites will be helpful to my class, and I wanted to make sure that I also included some that non-U.S. residents might find useful — I hope my Government students will be working with classes around the world.

I’m listing the U.S. Peace Corps ESL/EFL Training Manuals at number ten. They provide excellent lessons and examples about how to apply the teachings of Paulo Freire in an ESL/EFL class. The idea is to draw-out the personal experiences of students through the learning process and to then take collective action for social change.

The number nine site is Ben’s Guide To U.S. Government. It’s sponsored by the United States Government Printing Office, and offers a very accessible description of government here in the U.S. There are three levels based on people’s age (and English level) which is very helpful to English Language Learners.

Number eight is a site sponsored by Brown University and the International Institute of Rhode Island. It provides basic information about United States history and government, specifically geared towards preparing people for the U.S. Citizenship test. The language and presentation is very accessible to English Language Learners of all levels.

Number seven is the study site hosted by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services for the citizenship test.

Number four is the Civic Participation module of the Center of Congress at Indiana University. It’s part of a larger group of excellent Interactive Learning Modules about public life in the United States. The Civic Participation site includes well-done audio visuals that have text with audio support covering various strategies for resolving community problems.

U.S. Citizenship Podcast is number three. It has an extraordinary amount of resources related to preparing for the U.S. Citizenship test. They recently posted a wealth of quizzes related to the new U.S. Citizenship Test — they’ll be a huge help to ELL’s and their teachers.

Number two is The Community Organizing Toolkit. I was a community organizer for nineteen years prior to becoming a classroom teacher. I believe organizing is an extraordinarily effective way to develop leadership, learn, and create social change. Though I have a number of issues with how this animated, text, and audio presentation portrays organizing, it still gives an important perspective for people to hear.

Now, for my number ranked website for learning about civic participation and citizenship….. It’s a tie between two extraordinary sites.

One is US Citizenship, an online self-access course created by Charles LaRue at the Metro North Adult Education Program in Minnesota. It’s very accessible and engaging — my students have really liked it. It does cost $30 per year, but for that small amount your whole class can use the site.

The other number one site is EL Civics For ESL Students. Christina Niven has designed a wonderful site to help people learn about the United States and everyday life skills. The images, text, design, and support materials are very accessible to all levels of English Language Learners.

I’ve recently learned from Susan Wetenkamp-Brandt about a top-notch resource to help English Language Learners prepare for the newly-revised U.S. Citizenship test. It’s a step-by-step online program to study for the new test. Audio support is provided for all the text, and it include practice questions. It’s available for anyone to use as a “guest” — you just can’t register, log-in and save your work unless you’re a Minnesota resident working with the Minnesota Literacy Council.

Karen Hilgemanhas developed a number of additional online citizenship activities.

Law Focused Education also has a number of citizenship-related games.

The Catholic Legal Immigration Network (CLINIC) has just performed a great service for recent immigrants by helping to develop and distribute the new U.S. Citizenship test questions in eleven additional languages. CLINIC has recruited community organizations from around the country to do these eleven, and are hoping to do more. Here’s the official English version.

You can also access my United States History Class blog and see an entire year’s of lessons designed for student self-access. You can also see links to the students blogs used during the course. The lessons include quite a bit of original material I developed for use in both of the classes, and they are available for download (during the year students would open up the documents and cut-and-paste the exercises into their own blogs).  You’re obviously welcome to use the resources there with your students. I just ask that you not publish or reprint any of my original materials for use other than by your students.

Here’s a CBS News video of a citizenship ceremony in San Francisco.

Vote Easy is a very accessible interactive that lets users identify their opinion on several key public policy issues, and then compares those positions with those of local candidates. It’s probably the best site of its kind that I’ve seen, and is certainly accessible to English Language Learners. I’m going to add the site to this list, and hope they update the site for each election or, even better, modify it so users can regularly inform themselves of the positions taken by politicians and compare it to their own.

Cast Your Vote is an interactive game on the iCivics site. There are a lot of interactives there, but I think most of them are overly-complicated — even for native English speakers. “Cast Your Vote,” though, puts you in the role of a person at a political debate asking questions and evaluating the answers of the people running for office. It’s pretty good and useful.

Take this Citizenship quiz at the History Channel.

Lynne Weintraub of Citizenship News emailed this video of a naturalization ceremony. I’m just going to quote her description. One thing she doesn’t mention is that it has subtitles.

If you’re looking for a video of a USCIS Oath Ceremony to show your students, there are plenty on YouTube, however they’re mostly home-made, and don’t have clear sound quality or visuals. Here’s a link to an Oath Ceremony that was filmed 9/23/11, by USCIS for their YouTube channel. The video has professional quality visual and sound quality, and features some famous people: Janet Napolitano, Secretary of Homeland Security (who administers the oath), Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright (who tells about becoming a citizen herself, and how much that meant to her) and Ken Salazar, Secretary of the Interior. As is traditional for Oath Ceremonies, there is the “Presentation of the Colors” (flag ceremony), the group says the Pledge of Allegiance, and sings the National Anthem.

It takes a while to view the whole thing (it’s 37 minutes long), but even if you fast-forward through some of the sections, it’s a good resource for giving students an idea of what to expect at their Oath Ceremonies.

Naturalization Self-Test

The Smithsonian, in conjunction with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, has unveiled Preparing For The Oath. Not only is it now probably the best site out there for preparing people to take the U.S. Citizenship exam, it’s also just a great site to learn about U.S. History. Audio is available to support all the text, and it includes a practice exam.

ProLiteracy has quite a few very accessible interactives designed to help people prepare for the U.S. Citizenship test, and also has a lot of info for citizenship teachers.

Photos: Faces of citizenship is a slideshow from CNN.

Pumarosa has long been on The Best Multilingual & Bilingual Sites For Learning English list. Now, though, Paul Rogers, the site’s creator, has decided to allow free access to its Civics and U.S. History section.

Could You Pass A US Citizenship Test is an interactive from The Christian Science Monitor.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services has released this video of new citizens taking the rather obscure “Oath of Allegiance” at ceremonies across the United States:

What does the US citizenship exam actually test? is from PRI. It shares an interesting perspective, and also includes an interactive quiz.

These sites, and more related to Citizenship, can be found on my website. You’ll find 8,000 categorized links there.

Yes, Schools Should Develop Active Citizens &, No, We Don’t Need Another Test To Do It

Today Is “Citizenship Day” As Well As “U.S. Constitution Day” – Here Are Resources For Both

Instead Of High School Exit Exams For Civics, Study Suggests SEL Programs Would Be Better Way To Go

Video & Transcript Of Exceptional Speech By Pres. Obama At Naturalization Ceremony

Statistic Of The Day: New U.S. Citizens

Choosing to Become an American is a photo gallery of citizenship ceremonies.

New Times Call for a New Civics is from Edutopia.

Guest Post | Ideas for Student Civic Action in a Time of Social Uncertainty is from The New York Times Learning Network.

For new citizens, America is still the best place on Earth is from The San Francisco Chronicle. Note that the article says that President Trump, unlike Obama and Bush, has chosen to not record a video welcoming new citizens.

The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services recently expanded its materials to help study for the Citizenship test. They have an iPhone app, an online practice test, and more Study Materials for the English Test.

How Do You Become A U.S. Citizen? is a new video that provides a good overview of citizenship during the history of the United States.

However, it does have two glaring omissions: the deportation of thousands of U.S. citizens of Mexican heritage during the Depression (see America’s Forgotten History Of Mexican-American ‘Repatriation‘) and the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986.

‘I’m a Real American Now’: New Citizens Take the Oath, Trump in Mind is from The New York Times.

Nevertheless, I’m still adding it to this list:


An Artistic Approach to Becoming a U.S. Citizen is a NY Times article about a fascinating museum-based project to prepare people for the Citizenship test.

Excellent New Online Activities To Prep For Citizenship Test Unveiled

You can find other “Best of…” lists here.

You can also subscribe to this blog for free here.

Author: Larry Ferlazzo

I'm a high school teacher in Sacramento, CA.


  1. Thanks, Larry. I appreciate the links and the kind words. All the resources on your list are top notch and like you said they aren’t just for ESL or ELL students. I can see K-12 also using some of them. I enjoyed visiting the other sites. I saw some great use of flash, and some wonderful writing, too. The Internet, as a learning tool, has come a long way. Good luck with that government class. You’re a teacher of many subjects.

  2. Thanks Larry. I appreciate your positive description of Study for the US Citizenship Test web site. We just celebrated our 10th Anniversary. It hard to believe, but Bill Clinton was President when we first went online. Now things will be changing again with both elections and a new version of the test coming soon. I hope to keep improving the format of the site, as well as the content. I have written a lot of curriculum over the years and it’s great hear from the people who are actually using it.


    Charles LaRue
    Web Master
    Study for the US citizenship test web site

  3. For students who want to practice US Citizenship test they can visit

    Student can keep track of their learning and can practice in the areas they are having difficulties.


  4. For students or adults, there’s a free citizenship hangman game at which will help with learning and reinforcing American history, government and geography terms and concepts from the new citizenship test.
    It’s fun to play and you’re learning along the way.

  5. Mr. Ferlazzo,

    These are great websites. Had a chance to view a couple and I liked them. They will be good to use in a history class. I will keep this site in mind when in the classroom.

  6. Hello,
    I wanted to shoot you an e-mail thanking you for compiling so much great information and links on your website. I’ve been trying to track down some great references and yours helped me out a lot!

    Because your page was so helpful to me, I wanted to let you know that you have a broken link on your page:
    “Ben’s Guide tto US Govt”

    If you are still updating your page, I have a great link that is related to your site! The site is:

    This site could help make your page even more helpful for future visitors. I hope you find it as useful as I did. Thank you for your time and take care.

    Thank You,
    Stan Brickle

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