As with The Best Online Resources About Christopher Columbus, many of the online resources accessible to English Language Learners tell the usual and uncritical story of Europeans and Native Americans. So the first part of this post those accessible links, while the second part lists online resources that I’ve found helpful to me in developing classroom lessons that try to demonstrate a Native American perspective.
Here are my picks for The Best Sites To Learn & Teach About Thanksgiving (not in a strict order of preference, but with the ones I think that are most accessible listed near the top):
Brainpop and Brainpop Jr. have two good Thanksgiving movies that provide closed-captioning. Unfortunately, both require registration — either as a free trial or as a paid subscription. Brainpop is only one of two sites on the entire Web that I think are worth paying for but, as I mentioned, you can also get a free trial. These are the only two sites on this list that are not free. Of course, I think they’re the best, too.
Scholastic has a good feature on The First Thanksgiving that provides audio support to the text and is very engaging.
What Really Happened At Thanksgiving? is an interactive from Plimoth Village where players become investigative “historians.”
EL Civics has an ESL Thanksgiving Lesson that provides a good overview of the holiday in an accessible way.
Students can send Thanksgiving E-Cards and have links to them posted on teacher or student websites/blogs. The best ones are from Blue Mountain because they appear to host the card indefinitely on their sites.
Here’s an online Thanksgiving crossword puzzle from the Internet TESL Journal.
Thanksgiving in the USA and The First Thanksgiving in America from “Many Things,” the excellent resource for ESL/EFL activities. They are both multiple-choice “Fill-in-the-blank” exercises connected to Voice of America broadcasts, but very useful standing alone, too.
Elizabeth Barnwell has created a nice series of online flashcards about Thanksgiving. The language is accessible, and a good number have images, too.
Here is a New York Times slideshow about the Macy’s Day Parade.
I’m going to add three more resources to this list. The caveat is that if you are going to use the most obvious and most accessible one, I believe it’s critical that at least one of the other two is also used.
The most visible engaging and accessible to English Language Learners is a new “talking story” with animation from The Weekly Reader called The Story of Squanto. It’s engaging and well-done. Unfortunately, it also doesn’t make any attempt at communicating anything other than the whitewashed version of the story.
To leave out even a mention of his life as an enslaved person and the destruction of his people seems pretty insulting to Native Americans and to the student audience of the story. Jeez, I know Brainpop gets criticized, but even their Thanksgiving movie refers to the damage caused to Native Americans.
But I do think the Weekly Reader movie could be an excellent learning opportunity for students, one that I use with students.
It could be a great lesson combining that movie with a lesson from Squanto Worksheet from EL Civics, along with questions like: What are the differences between the stories? Why do you think they are different? Are there examples in your own life or culture where the “public” story is different from what really happened?
I’ve also found one resource helpful in developing lessons that give a little more of a critical perspective to Thanksgiving (you’ll find others later in this post). It’s an older blog post from Education Week titled Rethinking Thanksgiving (the post itself is thought-provoking, though the link within it is no longer active).
Of course, the most helpful resource is a book you can buy from Rethinking Schools (which is on The Best Teacher Resource Sites For Social Justice Issues). It’s called Rethinking Columbus.
Rethinking Schools also published a good article, Rethinking Thanksgiving, that some lessons that include critical thinking.
Let’s Celebrate Thanksgiving is a brand-new online activity by Renee Manfroid.
US presidents and Thanksgiving turkeys is a Guardian slideshow.
What Really Happened? Comparing Stories of the First Thanksgiving is a great feature from The New York Times Learning Network. It has links to a lot of useful resources.
Slate has a fun slideshow titled “Happy Thanksgiving!”
Reader Photos: The Thanksgiving Countdown comes from The New York Times.
Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade 2010 is a slideshow from The Guardian.
10 Things You Didn’t (Need to) Know About Turkeys comes from TIME Magazine.
Why I’m Not Thankful For Thanksgiving is the title of a Rethinking Schools article written by a Native American.
“Rethinking Thanksgiving: Myths & Misgivings” is also from Rethinking Schools.
Tracing The History Of The Pilgrims is a New York Times slideshow.
5 myths about Thanksgiving is from The Washington Post.
Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade: A Look Back is a slideshow from ABC News.
In Pictures: Thanksgiving in America is from The BBC.
Top 10 Thanksgiving Movie Scenes is a great slideshow, with video clips, from TIME.
Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is a NY Times slideshow.
This new viral hit “It’s Thanksgiving” by Nicole Westbrook could be a fun song to play and sing with English Language Learners. It’s pretty fast, but students could just focus on certain lines. The song highlights other holidays, too, which is a nice bonus. It’s not like there are that many pop songs about Turkey Day.
Thinking Critically About Food in a Season of Plenty is from The New York Times Learning Network.
What Was on the Menu at the First Thanksgiving? is from Smithsonian Magazine.
Eat Like a Pilgrim infographic
A hispanic Thanksgiving infographic
Demystifying Thankgiving infographic
Here are videos of President Obama pardoning turkeys.
A Visual History of Presidents Petting Turkeys is from The Atlantic.
The Perfect Thanksgiving Music, Sung by One Human … and 300 Turkeys is also from The Atlantic.
The 8 most awkward Thanksgiving dinner scenes in movie history is from The Week.
A Thanksgiving Feast For The Ears And Eyes is from NPR.
6 Thanksgiving celebrations around the world is from The Week.
Provided by Nationwide Bank
Thanksgiving created by ‘Mary Had a Little Lamb’ author — not the Pilgrims is by Valerie Strauss at The Washington Post.
Thanksgiving, or how to eat American politics:The democratic ideals behind turkey, pie, and the rest of our holiday feast is a great interactive at The Boston Globe. It shows how each traditional food got its start on Thanksgiving.