Mind, Brain and Education is a very good paper from an organization called Jobs For The Future (I’ve never heard of them before, but that’s more of a reflection on my limited universe than on anything else). It gives one of the best, if not the best, explanation that I’ve read about what happens to the brain when it learns something new. Though some of the “implications” of its findings seem a little shaky, particularly around second language learning, my quick scan of it leads me to think I can use parts of it with my students. So, I’m adding it to The Best Resources For Showing Students That They Make Their Brain Stronger By Learning.
I learned about it from Tom Vander Ark, who provides a good summary.