Culturally Responsive Teaching in the ELL Classroom is an excerpt from our book.
The majority of students in U.S. schools are students of color, and the vast majority of educators who teach them are white.
Two of the most common strategies/philosophies guiding how teachers of all races can be better teachers to students of color are “culturally responsive teaching” and “culturally sustaining pedagogy.”
Here are how well-known advocates of each describe them:
In a nutshell, culturally responsive teaching is about helping culturally and linguistically diverse students who have been marginalized in schools build their skill and capacity to do rigorous work. The focus isn’t on motivation but on improving their brainpower and information processing skills.
A few years ago, I introduced CSP as teaching and learning that seeks to perpetuate and foster linguistic, literate, and cultural pluralism as part of the democratic project of schooling and as a needed response to demographic and social change. I was building off the foundational work of Gloria Ladson-Billings, work that continues to lead our visions of educational equity. CSP asks us to imagine and enact teaching and learning that forwards multiple ways with language, literacy, and culture against the backdrop of an educational system that continues to be centered largely on White, middle class, monolingual, cis-heteropatriarchal, and abliest norms of achievement.
You might also be interested in A Collection Of Useful Posts, Articles & Videos On Race & Racism – Help Me Find More, which contains a number of related links, including quite a few on the need for more teachers of color.
This list is a beginning one, and I’ll be adding far more – including suggestions from readers:
‘Culturally Responsive Teaching’: An Interview With Zaretta Hammond is an interview that appeared in my Education Week Teacher column.
Making Connections: Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain is an interview with Zaretta that appeared in Edutopia. Thanks to Akilah Ellison for the tip.
3 Tips to Make Any Lesson More Culturally Responsive (and it’s not what you think!) is by Zaretta Hammond and appeared at Cult of Pedagogy.
‘It is Long Past Time to Meet the Needs of Students of Color’ is Part One of a series co-hosted by Django and Travis Bristol at my Ed Week Teacher column.
Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy ‘Increases Student Engagement & Learning’ is Part Two of that series.
Teachable Moments and Academic Rigor: A Mini-Unit is by Travis Bristol and Claude Goldenberg.
Here are additional posts that are related, though I’m not sure if they specifically fit into either of the earlier two categories:
‘For White Folks Who Teach in the Hood…’: An Interview With Chris Emdin is another recent post at my Ed Week Teacher column.
On the Importance of Mirrors for Students (and Teachers) appeared in The Huffington Post.
Teachers undo personal biases to help students of color engage is from Colorado Public Radio.
Read This: “Teachers More Likely to Label Black Students as Troublemakers” is by Renee Moore.
Educate to Liberate: Build an Anti-Racist Classroom is from Edutopia.
10 Ways Well-Meaning White Teachers Bring Racism Into Our Schools is from Everyday Feminism.
Understanding Implicit Bias: What Educators Should Know is from the AFT.
How to Change White Teachers’ Lenses is from Slate.
— Dr. Travis.Bristol (@TJacksonBristol) June 13, 2016
— Django Paris (@django_paris) June 27, 2016
Three teachers in my BPS Workshop on culturally relevant argumentation have posted their unit plans. Check them out: https://t.co/RWoNHwsFCI
— Christopher Martell (@chriscmartell) July 22, 2016
Relationship Building Through Culturally Responsive Classroom Management is by Todd Finley.
What Is ‘Culturally Competent’ Teaching? (Videos) is from Ed Week.
Matching Student Resources With Student Experiences is by Jordan Lanfair.
Reading Your Way to a Culturally Responsive Classroom is from NAEYC. I’m adding to the same list.
— Teaching Channel (@TeachingChannel) October 6, 2016
But That’s Just Good Teaching! The Case for Culturally Relevant Pedagogy is by Gloria Ladson-Billings.
This is a useful infographic on culturally responsive teaching.
Culturally Responsive Teaching & The Brain is by Zaretta Hammond.
Working to Build a Multicultural Classroom is from Middleweb.
7 Tips to Implement Culturally Responsive Teaching is geared specifically for ELLs.
Culturally Responsive Classrooms is from Scholastic.
Equity and Cultural Responsiveness is from Just Ask Publications. I’m adding it to Rick Wormeli shared it on Twitter.
Four Ways Teachers Can Support Students of Color is by Jennifer Gonzalez.
9 THINGS EVERY EDUCATOR NEEDS TO KNOW WHEN TEACHING BLACK STUDENTS is from Philly’s 7th Ward.
3 Lessons Learned When Bringing to Life Culturally Responsive Practices is by DR. YEMI STEMBRIDGE.
How Leaders Can Improve Their Schools’ Cultural Competence is by Chris Lehmann.
Are You Practicing Culturally Responsive Teaching? is from Valentina Gonzalez.
Author Interview: ‘Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies’ is the headline of one of my Education Week Teacher columns. In it, Django Paris and H. Samy Alim agreed to answer a few questions about their new book, “Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies: Teaching and Learning for Justice in a Changing World.”
What Culturally Responsive Teaching Sounds Like is by Sean Riley.
Culturally Responsive Teaching: 4 Misconceptions appeared in Cult of Pedagogy.
How to Create Culturally Responsive Classrooms is by Valentina Gonzalez and appeared at Middleweb.
Culturally Responsive Education:Facing Pushback is from The Coalition For Educational Justice.
Cultural Responsiveness Starts in the Principal’s Office is by Joseph Ellison.
Courtesy of @sonianieto
What Culturally Responsive Pedagogy IS and IS NOT: pic.twitter.com/D3IdM4BaMe
— Adeyemi Stembridge (@DrYemiS) May 13, 2018
Culturally Responsive Instruction is a collection from Cornelius Minor.
How to avoid known pitfalls associated with culturally responsive instruction is from STEM Teaching Tools.
Our presentation “Countering Culture Loss” for #ELLs in schools #CLRteaching #CSPjustice w/Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies (CSP). Check out our materials at https://t.co/y8euJJZMoF & look 4 our list of CSP practices. Thanks @LCIColloquium @django_paris @HSamyAlim @mynamemyid_ pic.twitter.com/P1FzbHodMA
— Mat Espinosa (@matheworyan) July 18, 2018
Three Principles for Culturally Relevant Teaching is from Ed Week.
Building A Culturally Responsive Classroom is from Achieve The Core.
Three Research-based Culturally Responsive Teaching Strategies is from Teach Learn Grow.
CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE TEACHING PUTS RIGOR AT THE CENTER is by Zaretta Hammond.
Culturally Responsive Instruction for Native American Students. Video series and tasks! What is culturally responsive instruction?Why is it important for Native American students?What does it look like for Native American students? https://t.co/KwdPBys78N @WestEd @UCLA_CRESST pic.twitter.com/bXJLlRN5oT
— ELL Stanford (@ELLStanford) November 20, 2018
We’re Still Here – Why Aren’t You Teaching To or About Us? is by Susan C. Faircloth, Ph.D.
Creating a More Welcoming and Culturally Responsive School Community to Engage American Indian and Alaska Native Families is a three-part series by Mandy Smoker Broaddus.
The Culturally Responsive Curriculum Scorecard was designed by The NYU Metro Center.
The Board of Regents is hearing from SED staff and the Advisory Panel for the Culturally-Responsive-Sustaining Framework. Presenters are reviewing the importance of the framework and the steps taken to date.
Presentation: https://t.co/4LD9NL9ufj pic.twitter.com/RyxhCOyr34
— NYS Education Dept (@NYSEDNews) January 14, 2019
These are good to use! I took some of my #pln feedback and included my twitter handle for ownership! Feel free to share now! 😉 Thanks to my awesome #pln for always giving the best consejo! #Ellchat_BkClub pic.twitter.com/pyGnojMVG7
— Carlota Holder (@carlota_holder) May 2, 2019
Sustaining Readers Through Culturally Responsive Literacy Instruction is by Lisa Stringfellow.
A Culturally Responsive Guide to Fostering the Inclusion of Immigrant Origin Students is from Re-imagining Migration.
Culturally Responsive Teaching Checklist is from Re-Imagining Migration.
Creating a welcoming environment for ELs is by Tan Huynh.
You don’t want to miss this interview with Gloria Ladson Billings that appeared in The 74. Here’s an excerpt:
This is my favorite tool to start building some background knowledge for teachers. I use it as a row sort. So I have them at table groups sort the categories at the top from left-right most destructive to most constructive. Then we go down and repeat row-by-row and discuss. pic.twitter.com/T2ZCFqcSY2
— James Tuck – ESOL Teacher (@MrTuckESOL) August 18, 2019
That is something to think about. You are as culturally responsive as each new group of students enters your classroom.
Your cultural responsiveness starts over every year.
New students = New needs https://t.co/BPYUBovEqp
— Dr. Janice Wyatt-Ross (@JaniceWyattRoss) August 30, 2019
Jenny Muñiz has written a good – and short – piece over at New America reviewing the benefits of culturally responsive teaching. 5 Ways Culturally Responsive Teaching Benefits Learners contains lots of links to research, and is the perfect piece to share with administrators and colleagues who have questions about it and are open to learning.
Instructional equity requires skilled coaching in order to close student learning gaps, which reduces opportunity gaps and, eventually, eliminates achievement gaps. But what does that look like? Listen to my interview w/ @ajjuliani https://t.co/QHLL6ACMx2
— Zaretta Hammond (@Ready4rigor) November 11, 2019
How Our Language Feeds Inequity is from ASCD.
Like they say, “If you want to know, ask somebody.” Here’s some answers about CRT from @DingleTeach. Please give it a listen. Excellent!
[LISTEN] Teaching Math to Students of Color? Do This, Not That with @rosaIsiah @bamradionetwork @DingleTeach https://t.co/fTfOI35LzB
— Annette Hilts (@imcalled2teach) November 25, 2019
Mathematician Alphabet (Not Just Dead White Dudes) is from VIE Math.
Bringing a Culturally Responsive Lens to Math Class is from Edutopia.
How the #DisruptTexts Movement Can Help English Teachers Be More Inclusive is from MindShift.
A Conversation About Instructional Equity with Zaretta Hammond, Part 1 is from The Center For The Collaborative Classroom.
How Culturally Responsive Lessons Teach Critical Thinking is from Teaching Tolerance.
Bringing a Culturally Responsive Lens to Math Class is from Edutopia.
Culturally Responsive Teaching: A Guide for Urban Educators is from the Smithsonian.
A Cultural Lens Leads to More Effective Teaching is from ASCD.
Again, this is just a beginning of a list, and I will be adding more. I look forward to your suggestions!