Culturally Responsive Teaching in the ELL Classroom is an excerpt from our book.

‘Culturally Responsive Teaching Is Not a Quick Fix’ is a series in my Education Week Teacher column.

Excerpt From Our New Book: “Culturally Responsive and Sustaining Teaching”

Help Language Learners Lead Their Own Learning is another excerpt from our new book, the second edition of The ESL/ELL Teacher’s Survival Guide.

The majority of students in U.S. schools are students of color, and the vast majority of educators who teach them are white.

Two of the most common strategies/philosophies guiding how teachers of all races can be better teachers to students of color are “culturally responsive teaching” and “culturally sustaining pedagogy.”

Here are how well-known advocates of each describe them:

Zaretta Hammond:

In a nutshell, culturally responsive teaching is about helping culturally and linguistically diverse students who have been marginalized in schools build their skill and capacity to do rigorous work. The focus isn’t on motivation but on improving their brainpower and information processing skills.

Django Paris:

A few years ago, I introduced CSP as teaching and learning that seeks to perpetuate and foster linguistic, literate, and cultural pluralism as part of the democratic project of schooling and as a needed response to demographic and social change. I was building off the foundational work of Gloria Ladson-Billings, work that continues to lead our visions of educational equity. CSP asks us to imagine and enact teaching and learning that forwards multiple ways with language, literacy, and culture against the backdrop of an educational system that continues to be centered largely on White, middle class, monolingual, cis-heteropatriarchal, and abliest norms of achievement.

You might also be interested in A Collection Of Useful Posts, Articles & Videos On Race & Racism – Help Me Find More, which contains a number of related links, including quite a few on the need for more teachers of color.

This list is a beginning one, and I’ll be adding far more – including suggestions from readers:

‘Culturally Responsive Teaching’: An Interview With Zaretta Hammond is an interview that appeared in my Education Week Teacher column.

Making Connections: Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain is an interview with Zaretta that appeared in Edutopia. Thanks to Akilah Ellison for the tip.

3 Tips to Make Any Lesson More Culturally Responsive (and it’s not what you think!) is by Zaretta Hammond and appeared at Cult of Pedagogy.

No, DeAndre. It’s Not Your Imagination: What the DOJ Report Tells Us about Implicit Bias and Validation is by Zaretta Hammond.

‘It is Long Past Time to Meet the Needs of Students of Color’ is Part One of a series co-hosted by Django and Travis Bristol at my Ed Week Teacher column.

Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy ‘Increases Student Engagement & Learning’ is Part Two of that series.

Teachable Moments and Academic Rigor: A Mini-Unit is by Travis Bristol and Claude Goldenberg.

Here are additional posts that are related, though I’m not sure if they specifically fit into either of the earlier two categories:

‘For White Folks Who Teach in the Hood…’: An Interview With Chris Emdin is another recent post at my Ed Week Teacher column.

On the Importance of Mirrors for Students (and Teachers) appeared in The Huffington Post.

Teachers undo personal biases to help students of color engage is from Colorado Public Radio.

Read This: “Teachers More Likely to Label Black Students as Troublemakers” is by Renee Moore.

Educate to Liberate: Build an Anti-Racist Classroom is from Edutopia.

10 Ways Well-Meaning White Teachers Bring Racism Into Our Schools is from Everyday Feminism.

Understanding Implicit Bias: What Educators Should Know is from the AFT.

How to Change White Teachers’ Lenses is from Slate.

Relationship Building Through Culturally Responsive Classroom Management is by Todd Finley.

The National Association for Multicultural Education

What Is ‘Culturally Competent’ Teaching? (Videos) is from Ed Week.

Matching Student Resources With Student Experiences is by Jordan Lanfair.

Reading Your Way to a Culturally Responsive Classroom is from NAEYC. I’m adding to the same list.


But That’s Just Good Teaching! The Case for Culturally Relevant Pedagogy is by Gloria Ladson-Billings.

This is a useful infographic on culturally responsive teaching.

Culturally Responsive Teaching & The Brain is by Zaretta Hammond.

Working to Build a Multicultural Classroom is from Middleweb.

7 Tips to Implement Culturally Responsive Teaching is geared specifically for ELLs.

Culturally Responsive Classrooms is from Scholastic.

Equity and Cultural Responsiveness is from Just Ask Publications. I’m adding it to Rick Wormeli shared it on Twitter.

Four Ways Teachers Can Support Students of Color is by Jennifer Gonzalez.


3 Lessons Learned When Bringing to Life Culturally Responsive Practices is by DR. YEMI STEMBRIDGE.

Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain: An Interview With Zaretta Hammond is from Corwin.

How Leaders Can Improve Their Schools’ Cultural Competence is by Chris Lehmann.

Are You Practicing Culturally Responsive Teaching? is from Valentina Gonzalez.

Author Interview: ‘Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies’ is the headline of one of my Education Week Teacher columns.  In it, Django Paris and H. Samy Alim agreed to answer a few questions about their new book, “Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies: Teaching and Learning for Justice in a Changing World.”

What Culturally Responsive Teaching Sounds Like is by Sean Riley.

Culturally Responsive Teaching: 4 Misconceptions appeared in Cult of Pedagogy.

How to Create Culturally Responsive Classrooms is by Valentina Gonzalez and appeared at Middleweb.

Nice Ed Week Interview With Glorida Ladson-Billings

Culturally Responsive Education:Facing Pushback is from The Coalition For Educational Justice.

Cultural Responsiveness Starts in the Principal’s Office is by Joseph Ellison.

Culturally Responsive Instruction is a collection from Cornelius Minor.

A Culturally Responsive Guide to Understanding Immigrant-Origin Children is from UCLA.

How to avoid known pitfalls associated with culturally responsive instruction is from STEM Teaching Tools.

Three Principles for Culturally Relevant Teaching is from Ed Week.

Building A Culturally Responsive Classroom is from Achieve The Core.

Three Research-based Culturally Responsive Teaching Strategies is from Teach Learn Grow.


We’re Still Here – Why Aren’t You Teaching To or About Us? is by Susan C. Faircloth, Ph.D.

Creating a More Welcoming and Culturally Responsive School Community to Engage American Indian and Alaska Native Families is a three-part series by Mandy Smoker Broaddus.

The Culturally Responsive Curriculum Scorecard was designed by The NYU Metro Center.

States’ Standards for Teachers Don’t Define Culturally Responsive Teaching, Study Argues is from Ed Week.

Sustaining Readers Through Culturally Responsive Literacy Instruction is by Lisa Stringfellow.

A Culturally Responsive Guide to Fostering the Inclusion of Immigrant Origin Students is from Re-imagining Migration.

Culturally Responsive Teaching Checklist is from Re-Imagining Migration.

Creating a welcoming environment for ELs is by Tan Huynh.

You don’t want to miss this interview with Gloria Ladson Billings that appeared in The 74. Here’s an excerpt:

ACESSE Resource C: Making Science Instruction Compelling for All Students: Using Cultural Formative Assessment to Build on Learner Interest and Experience is from STEM Teaching Tools.

Jenny Muñiz has written a good – and short – piece over at New America reviewing the benefits of culturally responsive teaching. 5 Ways Culturally Responsive Teaching Benefits Learners contains lots of links to research, and is the perfect piece to share with administrators and colleagues who have questions about it and are open to learning.


How Our Language Feeds Inequity is from ASCD.

Mathematician Alphabet (Not Just Dead White Dudes) is from VIE Math.

Bringing a Culturally Responsive Lens to Math Class is from Edutopia.

How the #DisruptTexts Movement Can Help English Teachers Be More Inclusive is from MindShift.

A Conversation About Instructional Equity with Zaretta Hammond, Part 1 is from The Center For The Collaborative Classroom.

Zaretta Hammond on Coaching and Culturally Responsive Teaching is from ASCD.

How Culturally Responsive Lessons Teach Critical Thinking is from Teaching Tolerance.

Bringing a Culturally Responsive Lens to Math Class is from Edutopia.

Culturally Responsive Teaching: A Guide for Urban Educators is from the Smithsonian.

A Cultural Lens Leads to More Effective Teaching is from ASCD.

Online Teaching Can Be Culturally Responsive is from Teaching Tolerance.

Leading Together / Retraining the Brain is by Jill Harrison Berg.

How to Develop Culturally Responsive Teaching for Distance Learning is from MindShift.

The Remote DEI Toolkit offers ideas for applying culturally responsive teaching online.

Teaching Math Isn’t Just About Numbers. It’s About Us. is from Better Lesson.

How To Begin Bringing Rich and Inclusive Math History Resources Inside K to 12 Classrooms is from Sunil Singh.

The Underrepresentation Curriculum Project is a new and free STEM curriculum.

A Trauma-Informed Approach to Teaching the Colonization of the Americas is from Edutopia.

How The Navajo Nation Is Transforming Math Education is from Forbes.

The “Is Your U.S. History Text Racist” tool seems useful, and forced me to reflect on some questions that I am embarrassed to say I had not done before.

Creating a Culturally Responsive Math Curriculum for the Elementary Grades appeared in Edutopia.

Resources for Culturally Responsive Teaching is from Mathematica.

This Interview With Zaretta Hammond Is Well-Worth Your Time To Read/Listen To…

It Is Worth Your Time To Listen To Or Read Part Two Of This Zaretta Hammond Interview

Check out 5 Strides on the Path to Math Equity.

Three Decades of Culturally Relevant, Responsive, & Sustaining Pedagogy: What Lies Ahead? is chockful of interesting research. It’s behind a paywall, but there are ways to still access it.

3 Ways to Enhance Culturally Responsive Teaching is from Edutopia.

Excerpt From Our New Book: “Culturally Responsive and Sustaining Teaching”

What Is Culturally Responsive Teaching? is from Ed Week.

What Should Culturally Relevant Teaching Look Like Today? Gloria Ladson-Billings Explains is from Ed Week.

You Don’t Have to Be a Critical Race Scholar to Apply a Critical Race Lens to Your Practice appeared in EdPost.

Culturally Centered Education: A Primer is from Ed Reports.

5 Tips for Culturally Responsive Teaching in the Math Classroom is from Edutopia.

Learning About Students’ Identities is from Reading To Belong.

From Learning Loss to a Liberatory Mindset is by Sonja Cherry-Paul.


5 Ways to Make Your Science Classroom More Culturally Responsive is from Edutopia.

How to Teach History in a Culturally Responsive Way is from Edutopia.

Culturally sustaining pedagogy is from ELT Planning.

Breaking Down the Monolingual Wall II is from Language Magazine.

Again, this is just a beginning of a list, and I will be adding more. I look forward to your suggestions!