I thought that new – and veteran – readers might find it interesting if I began sharing my best posts from over the years. You can see the entire collection here.
This post originally appeared in 2021:
Though I think the “learning loss” narrative is generally harmful and overblown (see Trying To Bring Research, Sanity, Teacher Expertise & Student Voice To The “Learning Loss” Discussion), I do think it’s accurate to say that some of our most vulnerable students (including English Language Learners) did not learn as much in the academic realm over the past eighteen months as they might have in ordinary times.
In addition, the justifiable backlash against “learning loss” has resulted in another benefit – “remediation” has fallen out of favor and now the focus is on “accelerated learning.” Though I wrote a piece in The Washington Post on what I think accelerated learning actually looks like in the classroom, in general, it appears to me that with a few exceptions, not many have actually shown in practical terms how to do it.
Hiring tutors has gotten a lot of attention as one potential acceleration strategy, but it’s pretty clear that most districts have not pulled any kind of tutoring program off in the short term and, if they do, it probably won’t be until next year.
I do think, though, that one very doable strategy that many schools are overlooking, and which could be implemented immediately, is the use of peer tutors to assist younger students.
For example, at our school I always have had one-or-two peer tutors in all my English Language Learner classes, and they have always been invaluable.
This year, however, my extraordinary colleague Katherine Bell has increased that number five-fold in each of my three ELL classes. These peer tutors, generally either my former ELL students who are now advanced or my IB Theory of Knowledge classes from last year, have provided an extraordinary amount of assistance to Beginner and Intermediate students. Their progress has clearly exceeded what would have been achieved in previous years.
In addition to having ELLs read to them daily to improve comprehension and prosody, practice oral language, develop mentor relationships to provide social/emotional, as well as academic, support, and having them practice the public presentations my students do regularly, I have created a flow of providing a mini-lesson, followed by peer tutors working in small groups to reinforce the lesson, followed by another mini-lesson, followed by peer tutors working in small groups again.
I am also providing regular training to the peer tutors on how to improve their work, and they complete weekly self-assessments.
This is not a one-way street – studies from other areas, and our own analyses in previous years, have demonstrated that peer tutors/mentors tend to increase their own academic achievement, also (see The Best Resources On The Value & Practice Of Having Older Students Mentoring Younger Ones).
The peer tutors themselves love the work – we began the year with a smaller number, but word spread and students kept on coming to Katherine Bell and me pleading (that is not an exaggeration) to join the classes. I had to put a hard-stop on new peer tutors last week.
There is a lead peer tutor in each class who meets with me each day about the plan for the day, and who then briefs the other six-to-nine others. Some of the tutors have told me that this is great practice for them since they plan to pursue a teaching career.
The Beginning and Intermediate students think it’s great, too! As research has shown, when people feel they are important – and having this number of high-quality and trained peer tutors devoted to helping them clearly does contribute to their feeling valued – they tend to want to work harder.
Yes, it does create a bit more work for me – the peer tutors themselves are basically another class that requires some preparation and care. But the payoff to students is clear and immediate and worth the extra effort on my part. And it creates so many more possibilities in the classroom!
Do you know of other schools doing something like this? If not, why not?