> References For Responses To Ed Week's Question On "Not Seeing Color" In Schools

How Do You Respond to a Teacher Who Says, ‘I Don’t See Color’? by Shannon R. Waite, Ed.D:

Baldwin, J. (1963). The Price of the Ticket Annotated. Retrieved from https://genius.com/James-baldwin-a-talk-to-teachers-annotated

Chugh D. (2018). The Person You are Meant to Be: How Good People Fight Bias. New York, NY. HarperCollins Publishers.

Duncan, A. (2018, May 25). Education: The Great Equalizer. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/Education-The-Great-Equalizer-2119678

Fields, B. J. (1982). Ideology and Race in American History, in Region, Race, and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of C. Vann Woodward. Ed. Morgan J. Koussar and James McPherson. New York: Oxford University Press, 143-177

Ladson-Billings, G. and Tate, W. (1995). Towards a Critical Race Theory of Education. Teachers College Record Volume 97, Number 1. Teachers College, Columbia University

Lorde, A. (1984) “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House.” Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Ed. Berkeley, CA: Crossing Press. 110-114. 2007. Print.


An Alternative Perspective on Colorblindness by Judd Rothstein:

Brown, A.C. (2018). I’m still here. New York, NY: Convergent.

Choi, J. (2008). Unlearning colorblind ideologies in education class. The Journal of Educational Foundations, 22(3/4), 53-71.

Gordon, J. (2005). Inadvertent complicity: Colorblindness in teacher education. Educational Studies, 38(2), 135-153.

King, J. (1991). Dysconcious racism: Ideology, identity, and the miseducation of the teachers. Journal of Negro Education, 60(2), 133-146.


The Problem With Colorblindness and Other Misnomers by Terri N. Watson, Ph.D:

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Kendi, Ibram X. (2019). How to be an antiracist. Random House Publishing Group.

Ladson-Billings, Gloria (1994). The dreamkeepers : successful teachers of African American children. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass Publishers.


Whiteness as Colorblindness by Kris DeFilippis:

Bailey, R. (1994). True dat (interlude) [Recorded by Outkast). Southernplayalisticadillacmuzik. LaFace Records. 1994.

Harris, C., I. (1993). Whiteness as Property. Harvard Law Review, 106(8), 1707. doi:10.2307/1341787

Lorde, A. (2007). The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House. In (pp. 110-113).

Taylor, T. J. (2014). A Singular Dislocation: An Interview with Junot Díaz. Paradoxa: Studies in World Literary Genres, 26, 97-109.


Implicit Bias Training Is Part of Creating Culturally Responsive Classrooms by Kaliris Salas-Ramirez, Ph.D.:

De Houwer, J. (2019). Implicit Bias Is Behavior: A Functional-Cognitive Perspective on Implicit Bias. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1745691619855638.

Ito, T. A., Friedman, N. P., Bartholow, B. D., Correll, J., Loersch, C., Altamirano, L. J., & Miyake, A. (2015). Toward a comprehensive understanding of executive cognitive function in implicit racial bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(2), 187.

Reihl, K. M., Hurley, R. A., & Taber, K. H. (2015). Neurobiology of implicit and explicit bias: Implications for clinicians. The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 27(4), A6-253.

Staats, C. (2016). Understanding Implicit Bias: What Educators Should Know. American Educator, 39(4), 29.


On being racially colorblind by Dr. Marcelle Mentor

Apfelbaum, E. P., Norton, M. I., & Sommers, S. R. (2012). Racial color blindness: Emergence, practice, and implications. Current directions in psychological science, 21(3), 205-209.

Becker, S., & Paul, C. (2015). “It Didn’t Seem Like Race Mattered” Exploring the Implications of Service-learning Pedagogy for Reproducing or Challenging Color-blind Racism. Teaching Sociology, 43(3), 184-200.

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2010). The 2008 Elections and the Future of Anti-Racism in 21st Century Amerika or How We Got Drunk with Obama’s Hope Liquor and Failed to See Reality. Humanity & Society, 34(3), 222-232.

Wikipedia contributors. (2019, August 12). Cape Coloureds. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:26, August 16, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_Coloureds&oldid=910513013



A Conversation between educators about “seeing color” by Jane Bolgatz

Aboud, F. E. (2003). The formation of in-group favoritism and out-group prejudice in young children: Are they distinct attitudes? Developmental Psychology, 39(1), 48–60.

Annamma, S. A., Jackson, D. D. & Morrison, D (2017).  Conceptualizing color-evasiveness: using dis/ability critical race theory to expand a color-blind racial ideology in education and society.  Race, Ethnicity, and Education, 20(2), 147-162, DOI: 10.1080/13613324.2016.1248837

Bolgatz, J. (2005). Talking race in the classroom.  New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2006). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

DiAngelo, R. (2018).  White fragility: Why it’s so hard for white people to talk about racism. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

DiTomaso, N. (2013). The American non-dilemma: Racial inequality without racism. New York, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Gotanda, N. (1991). A critique of “Our constitution is color-blind.” Stanford Law Review 44: 1–68.

Hamilton, D., Darity, W., Price, A. E., Sridharan, V. & Tippett. R. (2015). Umbrellas don’t make it rain: Why studying and working hard isn’t enough for Black Americans. New York: The New School; Durham, NC: Duke Center for Social Equity; Oakland, CA: Insight Center for Community Economic Development.

Kay, M. R. (2018). Not light, but fire: How to lead meaningful race conversations in the classroom. Portsmouth, NH: Stenhouse Publishers.

Mueller, J. (2017). Producing colorblindness: Everyday mechanisms of White ignorance.  Social Problems 64, 219–238.

Reeves, R. V. (2017). Dream hoarders: How the American upper middle class is leaving everyone else in the dust, why that is a problem, and what to do about it. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Southern Poverty Law Center (2016). Social justice standards: The Teaching Tolerance anti-bias framework. Montgomery, AL. https://www.tolerance.org/frameworks/social-justice-standards.



Uncloaking the Model Minority Myth by Dr. Akane Zusho

Kim, C., (1996). The racial triangulation of Asian Americans. Politics and Society, 27, 105-138.

Poon, O.. Squire, D., Kodama, C., Byrd, A., Chan, J., Manzano, L., …Bishundat, D. (2016). A critical review of the model minority myth in selected literature on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in Higher Education. Review of Educational Research, 86, 469-502.

Kumar, R., Zusho, A., & Bondie, R. (2018). Weaving cultural relevance and achievement motivation into inclusive classroom cultures. Educational Psychologist, 53, 78-96.



The Impossibility of a Colorblind U.S. Education System by Justin A. Coles

Smith, A. (2012). Indigeneity, settler colonialism, white supremacy. In D. Martinez HoSang, O. LaBennett, & L. Pulido (Eds.), Racial formation in the twenty-first century (pp. 66-90). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Cornelius, J. (1983). “We slipped and learned to read”: Slave accounts of the literacy process, 1830-1865. Phylon, 44(3), 171-186.