Wikis > References


Anti-Defamation League. (2015 October 28). What is The School-to-Prison Pipeline?


DiAngelo, R. J. (2018). White fragility: Why it’s so hard for White people to talk about racism.


Fabelo, T., Thompson, M. D., Plotkin, M., Carmichael, D., Marchbanks, M. P., & Booth, E. A. (2011). Breaking schools’ rules: A statewide study of how school discipline relates to students’ success and juvenile justice involvement. Retrieved from


Equal Justice Initiative. (2017, September 14). Black Children Five Times More Likely Than White Youth to Be Incarcerated.


Ferguson, R. F. (2003). Teachers’ Perceptions and Expectations and the Black-White Test Score Gap. Urban Education38(4), 460–507.

Gandara, P., & Aldana, U.S. (2014). Who’s segregated now? Latinos, language, and the future of integrated schools. Educational Administration Quarterly, 50(5), 735-748.

Hammond, Z., & Jackson, Y. (2015). Culturally responsive teaching and the brain: Promoting authentic engagement and rigor among culturally and linguistically diverse students.

Ladson‐Billings, G. (1995). But that’s just good teaching! The case for culturally relevant pedagogy, Theory Into Practice, 34(3), 159-165.


NAACP. (2017, January 25). Criminal Justice Fact Sheet. NAACP, n.d. Retrieved from


NPREd. (2018, June 1). Let’s Stop Talking About the ‘30 Million Word Gap.’ Retrieved from


Okonofua, J.A., & Eberhardt, J.L. (2015). Two Strikes. Psychological Science, 26(5), 617-624.


Pane, D. M., Rocco, T. S., Miller, L. D., & Salmon, A. K. (2014). How Teachers Use Power in the Classroom to Avoid or Support Exclusionary School Discipline Practices. Urban Education49(3), 297–328.


Sensoy, Ö., & DiAngelo, R. (2012). Is everyone really equal? An introduction to key concepts in social justice education New York: Teachers College Press.


Tate, M. L. (2004). Sit & Get. Won’t Grow Dendrites20.


Vera Institute of Justice. (2012, January). The Price of Prisons. What Incarceration Costs Taxpayers.