I’ve been doing some research on the controversial issue of error correction (primarily grammar-related) and English Language Learners. In my book, English Language Learners: Teaching Strategies That Work, I talk about some of the research. In it, I share my belief in using little overt correction with individual students and, instead, collect examples of student errors and use them in regular classwide inductive learning and game activities (without identifying who made the errors). In addition, I talk about the use of Dialogue Journals and “recasting” student errors.
In my upcoming ELL book, I talk a bit more about the topic, too.
I thought readers might find it useful to see links to some of the research on the topic that’s available online, including ones that take a different perspective on the topic than I do.
Feel free to offer additional suggestions in the comments section, including your own practice and experience with error correction.
Here are my choices for The Best Resources On ESL/EFL/ELL Error Correction:
Dr. John Truscott is well-known for his critiques of over grammar error correction. This page has a number of links to his online papers.
I particularly like his article in The International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching.
Principles and Practice In Second Language Acquisition by Stephen Krashen talks a lot about error correction.
How do you deal with fossilized errors and help students improve their accuracy? is a summary of a great ELT Chat.
I always value what EFL teacher Dave Kees has to say about any subject, including error correction.
Error Correction in ESL: Learner’s Preferences is an article from the TESL Canada Journal.
Deciding What and When to Correct is from An ELT Notebook.
Here’s an Error Correction story I’ve previously posted.
Dave Dodgson has written about error correction. I especially like his suggestion of the teacher writing a paragraph incorporating common student mistakes and then having them correct it in small groups.
Making Mistakes & Error Correction is from TEFL Geek.
Error Correction Preferences in Written Work of Higher Secondary Students: an Evaluation is a good summary of some ESL/EFL/ELL research.
“What are errors and how should we deal with them in our classes?” is a collection of responses from ESL/EFL teachers around the world.
Delta Notes 1: Error Correction is by Lizzie Pinard.
Oral corrective feedback is from the ELT Journal, and gives a pretty good overview of related research.
Correcting writing: 8 practical ideas is from TEFL Reflections.
Teacher talk – Error correction is a video from The British Council.
Error Correction 1 is from The British Council.
Error Correction 2 is from The British Council.
George Chilton – We all make mistakes is from The British Council.
ESL/ELL error correction – Yes, No or Maybe? is my post at the British Council.
Correcting students’ errors is from French Teacher.
Deferred Self-Correction is from TESOL.
As always, feedback is welcome.